View Locations
McLean Office: 703.388.2805
Reston Office: 571.595.3223
Leesburg Office: 703.723.5366
Patient Portal / Forms

Oral Pathology

HOME / SERVICES / Oral Pathology
woman smiling to the left

Oral pathology, simply put, refers to any type of sickness or malignancy within the mouth. The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin called “mucosa.”

This skin is smooth and coral pink in color, and it is very important in the identification and treatment of every type of oral pathology.

Patients who experience or notice any alteration in the appearance or feeling of their mucosa are recommended to call a dental practice, such as Virginia Advanced Surgical Arts, immediately. Changes in the mucosa are one of the first early warning signs of malignancies and oral pathology.

Patients, however, may not be fully aware of the different types of oral pathology and what their warning signs are. Below are some of the most common types of oral pathology:


The beginning stages of gum disease, gingivitis presents itself in some form for a lot of patients. Gingivitis is caused by a buildup of bacteria in the gums and tissues surrounding the teeth and can result in the development of periodontitis.


Also known as advanced gum disease, periodontitis is less common but is still a very prevalent and dangerous oral pathology. Periodontitis in its advanced stages can lead to loss of teeth and recession of the gum line as well as bone loss.

Oral Candidiasis

A common fungal infection of the mouth that often occurs in immunocompromised individuals. If left untreated, the fungus will continue to grow and damage the tissues of the mouth.

Mouth Cancer

The most dangerous of oral pathological cases, cancers of the mouth can be present in nearly anyone, but there are many factors that can increase the risk of developing cancer.

Patients may not understand how to diagnose these problems, but there are some things that patients should be on the lookout for to identify oral pathology. Patients who keep a good eye on their gum and mouth health will not only catch pathologies earlier but can receive better treatment by helping the doctor to identify less than obvious symptoms that can aid in diagnosis. Patients should be aware of some of the common symptoms of oral pathology:

Reddish patches or whitish patches in the mouth

A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily

A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth

A chronic sore throat or hoarseness

Difficulty in chewing or swallowing

Patients experiencing any of the above could be in the beginning stages of an oral pathological process of cancerous growth. Do not ignore suspicious lumps. Patients with these symptoms should contact Virginia Advanced Surgical Arts to avoid a dangerous situation.

Time is key, and oral pathology is no less serious than any other body sickness. If caught early, oral pathology poses little risk to individuals of good health, so do not hesitate to call.

For an accurate diagnosis, schedule your oral pathology consultation at Virginia Advanced Surgical Arts’ McLean office at (703) 388-2805, Reston office at (571) 595-3223, or Leesburg office at (703) 723-5366.

Meet Doctor

Craig Vigliante, MD, DMD

Dr. Vigliante became interested in oral surgery after having double jaw surgery for his open bite. Since then, he’s dedicated himself to showing his patients the highest level of care possible. He’s certified by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons and holds medical and dental licenses in Virginia. 

What Our Patients Say


“I felt welcomed and valued from the second I walked in the door to the moment I left. Every person I interacted with- from the front desk staff, to the surgical assistants, and even the doctor himself- was kind, informative, and helpful. I had my wisdom teeth removed on Friday and was back to work with only a mild and easily manageable headache on Monday. They gave clear instructions on how to prevent infection and dry socket, and even called to check up on me the day of and week after my procedure! I strongly recommend this office to anyone who is searching for the services they offer.

Jacquelyn Candito


“Everyone was super nice, friendly, and courteous. The office is clean and modern. Everyone was professional and seemed pretty organized. I got to watch Netflix laying down while I waited as well. The staff was nice enough to even switch it to a show I recommended!! Also, there are snacks and drinks available for your drivers waiting on you. As someone who is wary of going to the dentist, it was a great experience and I’d recommend this place! Cute valentines day decorations when I was there too!”

Amy Vu

Experienced Oral Surgeons Serving the DC Metro Area


Dr. Vigliante, Dr. Gocke and Dr. McAdams are board-certified oral and maxillofacial surgeons thoroughly qualified to perform complex restorative surgical procedures, no matter the circumstance, for patients in Northern Virginia and Maryland. Their experience and training have given them an unmatched skill set balanced between art and science. You can be confident in choosing Virginia Advanced Surgical Arts for your oral surgery needs.